November 02, 2017

Bombardier Reports Third Quarter 2017 Results

  • Game-changing, strategic partnership with Airbus to accelerate commercial momentum for C Series program
  • LOI for up to 61 C Series aircraft, including 31 firm from a European customer
  • Execution of transformation plan continues to deliver margin(1) growth; full year EBIT margin guidance for all business units reaffirmed(2)
  • Consolidated full-year EBIT before special items(2) expected to be at least $630M, the high end of guidance range
  • Engine delivery delays to impact C Series program; with 20-22 deliveries now expected for the year(2)
  • Revenues and free cash flow usage(2)(3) for the full year expected to be approximately $16.3B and $1B, respectively

Bombardier (TSX: BBD.B) today reported its third quarter 2017 results, highlighting continued progress transforming the company and building earnings power. The company now expects consolidated full-year EBIT before special items to be at least $630 million, the high end of its previous guidance.

“This was a very exciting quarter for Bombardier as we welcomed Airbus to the C Series program,” said Alain Bellemare, President and Chief Executive Officer, Bombardier Inc. “This is a game-changing step for Bombardier. It positions the C Series program for long-term commercial success and will generate new and sustainable value for our customers, suppliers and shareholders.”

“We also continue to make solid progress executing our turnaround plan, and are very much on track to achieve the goals we set out in November 2015,” Bellemare continued. “We have clearly demonstrated our ability to reduce costs, improve productivity and grow margins. We have executed on our growth programs and we are taking big strategic steps necessary to unlock the full value of our portfolio.”

For the quarter, Bombardier reported revenues of $3.8 billion. EBIT before special items grew to $165 million, nearly doubling the third quarter 2016 amount. EBIT margins before special items were 8.5% for Transportation; 8.8% for Business Aircraft; and 9.3% for Aerostructures. Commercial Aircraft recorded EBIT before special items in line with the C Series ramp-up plan. Free cash flow usage was also in line with guidance at $495 million for the quarter.

Along with its third quarter results, Bombardier announced that a European customer has signed a letter of intent (LOI) for up to 61 C Series, including 31 firm aircraft and options for an additional 30 aircraft. The LOI is subject to the execution of a purchase agreement which is expected before year end. Based on the list price, a firm order would be valued at approximately $2.4 billion. This amount would increase to nearly $4.8 billion should all 30 options be exercised.

“This significant new order confirms the increasing confidence customers have in the C Series,” said Bellemare. “Looking forward, as Airbus joins the program, and with the C Series continuing to prove itself in service, we expect sales momentum to accelerate quickly.”

Other highlights of the Company’s performance in the third quarter include a 20% revenue growth at Transportation compared to the same period last year, along with margin expansion and strong orders. Business Aircraft also delivered margin expansion as it continues to improve productivity and operational efficiency, demonstrating its ability to perform in any market environment. The Global 7000 made progress toward its certification with the fourth test aircraft entering flight-testing in the quarter. This new ultra-long range aircraft remains on schedule to enter service in the second half of 2018.

Bombardier also announced the appointment of Douglas R. Oberhelman to its Board of Directors. Mr. Oberhelman spent 41 years at Caterpillar Inc., where he held various executive positions, including Executive Chairman, a role he held until his retirement in March 2017. Mr. Oberhelman replaces Patrick Pichette, who expressed his intention to resign from Bombardier’s Board of Directors for personal reasons. The Board accepted Mr. Pichette’s resignation and thanks him for his four years of dedicated service and the insight and energy he brought to the Company during his tenure.


Bombardier reported consolidated revenues of $3.8 billion in the quarter and $11.5 billion in the nine-month period, relative to $3.7 billion and $12.0 billion for the same periods last year, mainly as a result of continued growth in Transportation and previously announced adjusted volumes in Aerospace segments, consistent with market demand. EBIT before special items was $165 million and $457 million respectively for the quarter and nine-month period, up 90% and 41% for the same periods last year. This growth was driven by continued significant margin improvements at Transportation, Business Aircraft and Aerostructures, which all reached 8.5% or above in the quarter. Free cash flow usage was $495 million in the quarter and $1.7 billion in the nine-month period as a result of an increase in Transportation’s ramp-up in production ahead of deliveries coupled with the production ramp-up in aerospace for the Global 7000 and C Series programs. The financial performance year-to-date supports consolidated EBIT guidance before special items for the full year of at least $630 million, the upper end of our previous guidance range. Consolidated revenue and free cash flow usage guidance for the year are revised to approximately $16.3 billion and $1.0 billion respectively to align with approximately 20 to 22 C Series deliveries due to engine delivery delays from Pratt & Whitney. Certain engines originally designated for production aircraft in the fourth quarter will be redirected to support spare engine requirements of current C Series customers.


Business Aircraft

Results (PDF)

  • Delivered 31 aircraft during the quarter. With year-to-date deliveries totaling 96 aircraft, we are on track to reach our guidance of approximately 135 aircraft as we head into the seasonally strongest quarter of the year.(2)
  • Continued strong execution on our transformation plan and cost control initiatives with EBIT margin before special items yielding another strong quarter at 8.8%, or 8.5% year-to-date. On track to achieve margins of approximately 8.0% for the full year.(2)
  • The Global 7000 aircraft is on track for entry-into-service in the second half of 2018. The fourth FTV successfully completed its maiden flight on September 28 and will be used for interior validation testing. The four FTVs have accumulated over 900 flight hours to date. The aircraft continue to perform extremely well and to exhibit a high level of reliability. The results show a maturity which is in full support of the planned certification activities. Final preparations are under way for FTV5’s initial flight and multiple Global 7000 business jets are in final assembly.
  • In line with our strategy to grow our aftermarket business, we expanded our service center in Tucson, Arizona, opened parts depots in Miami, Florida and Tianjin, China as well as introduced new subscription-based services including Smart Services and Smart Training programs.

Commercial Aircraft

Results (PDF)

  • On October 16, 2017 we announced a partnership with Airbus SE (Airbus) for the C Series, which should more than double the value of the program. The combination of Airbus’ global reach and scale with Bombardier’s newest, state-of-the-art jet aircraft family is expected to drive commercial momentum and production cost savings. In addition, the partnership intends to manufacture C Series aircraft from a second final assembly line in Mobile, Alabama, providing U.S. airline customers with an optimized solution in the 100-150 seat single-aisle segment. The transaction remains subject to regulatory approvals and is expected to close in the second half of 2018.(6)
  • We delivered 16 aircraft, including 4 CRJ Series, 7 Q400 and 5 C Series during the quarter. With year-to-date deliveries of regional jets and turboprops totaling 39 aircraft, we are on track to reach 50 aircraft for the year.(2)
  • During the quarter, we received an order from SpiceJet for up to 50 Q400 turboprop aircraft. The purchase agreement, the largest Q400 turboprop order ever, includes a firm order for 25 Q400 turboprops and purchase rights on an additional 25 aircraft. Based on list price, the order is valued at up to $1.7 billion. This order will launch our new high-density 90-seat model.
  • New engine delivery delays from Pratt & Whitney will impact full year C Series aircraft deliveries.  Furthermore, certain engines originally designated for production aircraft in the fourth quarter will be redirected to support spare engine requirements of current C Series customers. As a result, approximately 8 to 10 C Series aircraft are now expected to be delivered in the fourth quarter, and approximately 20 to 22 aircraft for the full year. Commercial Aircraft’s revenue guidance for 2017 is therefore adjusted to approximately $2.5 billion.(2) We have entered into a LOI whereby Pratt & Whitney has agreed to support excess inventory generated by engine delays by providing us a supplier advance starting in the fourth quarter. This advance will not be included in our free cash flow, but will benefit overall liquidity and cash on hand. The LOI is subject to the execution of definitive agreements between both parties, which is expected before year end.
  • C Series aircraft program continues to gain market acceptance with exceptional performance:
    • Subsequent to the end of the third quarter, we signed a Letter of Intent with a European customer for up to 61 C Series aircraft, including a firm order for 31 aircraft with options for an additional 30 aircraft. Based on list price of the aircraft, the firm order would be valued at approximately $2.4 billion. The LOI is subject to the execution of a purchase agreement, which is expected before year end;
    • The C Series aircraft is performing very well, with up to 3% better fuel burn than first advertised, creating additional opportunities and improving economics of the aircraft;
    • The CS100 aircraft from Swiss International Air Lines (SWISS) completed its first commercial flight into London City Airport in August, becoming the largest passenger aircraft certified to operate from this challenging city airport, offering new possibilities for airlines and the flying public; and
    • The C Series aircraft received a second Environmental Product Declaration, confirming its unmatched environmental performance. Bombardier CS300’s Environmental Product Declaration (EPD®) comes one year after the EPD® for the CS100 aircraft.
  • We released our 20-year Market Forecast for 2017-2036, the market for which we are the only manufacturer with a complete range of solutions (CRJ Series, Q400 and C Series). We expect this segment of the market, currently at 6,900 aircraft, to double by 2036 to 14,250, driven by fleet retirement and market growth.(7)
  • With respect to the petition filed by The Boeing Company (Boeing) before the U.S. Department of Commerce and the U.S. International Trade Commission regarding the alleged threat caused by future exports of the C Series family of aircraft to the U.S., we strongly disagree with the Commerce Department’s preliminary determinations of 300% duties on imports of 100-150 seat large civil aircraft from Canada. We remain confident that, at the end of the processes, the U.S. International Trade Commission will reach the right conclusion, which is that Boeing suffered no injury. We expect the U.S. International Trade Commission to issue in the first half of 2018 its final determination on the threat of injury.

Aerostructures and Engineering Services

Results (PDF)

  • EBIT margin before special items was 9.3% for the quarter and 8.1% year-to-date. On track to achieve margin of approximately 8% for the full year.(2)
  • Significantly ramped-up operations in line with the expected program growth for the C Series and Global 7000 aircraft.(2)


Results (PDF)

  • Revenues in the third quarter increased by 20% to $2.1 billion, driven by the ramp-up of key projects, which are gradually contributing to the approximately $8.5 billion guidance for the year.(2)
  • Order intake of $1.8 billion in the third quarter, primarily related to contracts signed in Asia-Pacific and Europe, bringing our book-to-bill ratio(9) to 1.1 for the nine-month period. The majority of our order intake is based on current platforms, supporting the re-use of existing technologies.
  • EBIT margin before special items of 8.5% in the third quarter and 8.2% for the nine-month period, puts us on track to reach our guidance of approximately 8% for the full year.
  • Transformation initiatives continue to support margin expansion. In September 2017, management and the General Works Council of Bombardier Transportation GmbH formalized a general company agreement regarding the transformation in Germany, paving the way for key milestones of the transformation including the specialization of German sites.

Warrants in connection with the Airbus partnership

In connection with the private placement to Airbus of warrants to acquire up to 100,000,000 Class B shares (subordinate voting) of Bombardier, the TSX has determined to accept notice of the private placement of such warrants and has conditionally approved the listing of the Class B Shares issuable pursuant to the terms of the warrants on the TSX. Listing will be subject to Bombardier fulfilling all of the listing requirements of the TSX. Security holder approval is required under TSX rules due to the fact that the warrants will be issued later than 45 days from the date upon which the exercise price was established, as set out in Section 607(f)(i) of the TSX Company Manual. Such approval has been obtained, as agreed with the TSX and in reliance on the exemption contemplated by Section 604(d) of the TSX Company Manual, by way of written consent of shareholders holding more than 50% of the voting rights attached to all of Bombardier’s issued and outstanding shares.

About Bombardier

Bombardier is the world’s leading manufacturer of both planes and trains. Looking far ahead while delivering today, Bombardier is evolving mobility worldwide by answering the call for more efficient, sustainable and enjoyable transportation everywhere. Our vehicles, services and, most of all, our employees are what make us a global leader in transportation.

Bombardier is headquartered in Montréal, Canada and our shares are traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange (BBD). In the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, we posted revenues of $16.3 billion. News and information are available at or follow us on Twitter @Bombardier.

Bombardier, CRJ Series,CS100, CS300,C Series, Global, Global 7000,Q400 and Smart Services are trademarks of Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries.

For Information

Simon Letendre
Senior Advisor, Media Relations and Public Affairs
Bombardier Inc.
+514 861 9481
Patrick Ghoche
Vice President, Investor Relations
Bombardier Inc.
+514 861 5727

The Management’s Discussion and Analysis and the Interim Consolidated Financial Statements are available at

bps: basis points

nmf: information not meaningful

(1) Margin refers to EBIT before special items or EBIT margin before special items. Non-GAAP financial measures. See Caution regarding non-GAAP measures at the end of this press release.

(2) See the forward-looking statements disclaimer and each reportable segment’s Guidance and forward-looking statements section in the 2016 Financial Report for details regarding the assumptions on which the guidance is based.

(3) Non-GAAP financial measures. See Caution regarding non-GAAP measures at the end of this press release.

(4) Defined as cash and cash equivalents plus the amount available under the revolving credit facilities.

(5)   Defined as net orders received over aircraft deliveries, in units.

(6)   See the forward-looking statements disclaimer at the end of this press release.

(7)   Available on Bombardier’s dedicated investor relations website at Refer to the forward-looking statements disclaimer at the end of this press release.

(8)   Defined as new external orders over external revenues.

(9)   Defined as new orders over revenues.


This press release is based on reported earnings in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Reference to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) means IFRS, unless indicated otherwise. This press release is also based on non-GAAP financial measures including EBITDA, EBIT before special items and EBITDA before special items, adjusted net income, adjusted earnings per share and free cash flow. These non-GAAP measures are mainly derived from the consolidated financial statements but do not have standardized meanings prescribed by IFRS; therefore, others using these terms may define them differently. Management believes that providing certain non-GAAP performance measures, in addition to IFRS measures, provides users of our Financial Report with enhanced understanding of our results and related trends and increases the transparency and clarity of the core results of our business. Refer to the Non-GAAP financial measures and Liquidity and capital resources sections in Overview and each reporting segments’ Analysis of results sections in the Corporation’s MD&A for definitions of these metrics and reconciliations to the most comparable IFRS measures.

Reconciliations to most comparable IFRS measures (PDF)


This press release includes forward-looking statements, which may involve, but are not limited to: statements with respect to the Corporation’s objectives, guidance, targets, goals, priorities, market and strategies, financial position, beliefs, prospects, plans, expectations, anticipations, estimates and intentions; general economic and business outlook, prospects and trends of an industry; expected growth in demand for products and services; product development, including projected design, characteristics, capacity or performance; expected or scheduled entry-into-service of products and services, orders, deliveries, testing, lead times, certifications and project execution in general; competitive position; the expected impact of the legislative and regulatory environment and legal proceedings on the Corporation’s business and operations; available liquidities and ongoing review of strategic and financial alternatives; the completion, anticipated timing of the transaction with Airbus described herein and the receipt of regulatory and other approvals required with respect to this transaction and the anticipated timing thereof; the governance, funding and liquidity of C Series Aircraft Limited Partnership (CSALP); the impact and expected benefits of each of the transaction with Airbus described herein, the investment by the Government of Québec in CSALP and the private placement of a minority stake in Transportation by the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ) on the Corporation’s operations, infrastructure, capabilities, development, growth and other opportunities, geographic reach, scale, footprint, financial condition, access to capital and overall strategy; and the impact of such transaction and investments on its balance sheet and liquidity position.

Forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may”, “will”, “shall”, “can”, “expect”, “estimate”, “intend”, “anticipate”, “plan”, “foresee”, “believe”, “continue”, “maintain” or “align”, the negative of these terms, variations of them or similar terminology, as they relate to Bombardier and CSALP. Forward-looking statements are presented for the purpose of assisting investors and others in understanding certain key elements of the Corporation’s current objectives, strategic priorities, expectations and plans, and in obtaining a better understanding of the Corporation’s business and anticipated operating environment. Readers are cautioned that such information may not be appropriate for other purposes.

By their nature, forward-looking statements require management to make assumptions and are subject to important known and unknown risks and uncertainties, which may cause Bombardier’s and CSALP’s actual results in future periods to differ materially from forecast results set forth in forward-looking statements. While management considers these assumptions to be reasonable and appropriate based on information currently available, there is risk that they may not be accurate. The assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements made in this press release in relation to the transaction with Airbus discussed herein include the following material assumptions: the satisfaction of all conditions of closing and the successful completion of the transaction within the anticipated timeframe, including receipt of regulatory (including antitrust) and other approvals; the fulfillment and performance by each party of its obligations pursuant to the transaction agreement and future commercial agreements and absence of significant inefficiencies and other issues in connection therewith; the realization of the anticipated benefits and synergies of the transaction in the timeframe anticipated; the Corporation’s ability to continue with its current funding plan of CSALP and to fund, if required, any cash shortfalls; adequacy of cash planning and management and project funding; and the accuracy of its assessment of anticipated growth drivers and sector trends. For additional information with respect to the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements made in this press release, refer to the Strategic Priorities and Guidance and forward-looking statements sections in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) of the Corporation’s financial report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

With respect to the transaction with Airbus discussed herein specifically, certain factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, risks associated with the failure to receive or delay in receiving regulatory (including antitrust) or other approvals or otherwise satisfy the conditions to the completion of the transaction or delay in completing the transaction and uncertainty regarding the length of time required to complete the transaction; changes in the terms of the transaction; the failure by either party to satisfy and perform its obligations pursuant to the transaction agreement and future commercial agreements and/or significant inefficiencies and other issues arising in connection therewith; the impact of the announcement of the transaction on the Corporation’s relationships with third parties, including commercial counterparties, employees and competitors, strategic relationships, operating results and businesses generally; the failure to realize, in the timeframe anticipated or at all, the anticipated benefits and synergies of the transaction; the Corporation’s inability to continue with its current funding plan of CSALP and to fund, if required, the cash shortfalls; inadequacy of cash planning and management and project funding. Certain other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, risks associated with general economic conditions, risks associated with the Corporation’s business environment (such as risks associated with “Brexit”, the financial condition of the airline industry, business aircraft customers, and the rail industry; trade policy; increased competition; political instability and force majeure events or natural disasters), operational risks (such as risks related to developing new products and services; development of new business; the certification and homologation of products and services; fixed-price and fixed-term commitments and production and project execution; pressures on cash flows and capital expenditures based on project-cycle fluctuations and seasonality; our ability to successfully implement and execute our strategy and transformation plan; doing business with partners; product performance warranty and casualty claim losses; regulatory and legal proceedings; environmental, health and safety risks; dependence on certain customers and suppliers; human resources; reliance on information systems; reliance on and protection of intellectual property rights; and adequacy of insurance coverage), financing risks (such as risks related to liquidity and access to capital markets; retirement benefit plan risk; exposure to credit risk; substantial existing debt and interest payment requirements; certain restrictive debt covenants and minimum cash levels; financing support provided for the benefit of certain customers; and reliance on government support), market risks (such as risks related to foreign currency fluctuations; changing interest rates; decreases in residual values; increases in commodity prices; and inflation rate fluctuations). For more details, see the Risks and uncertainties section in Other in the MD&A of the Corporation’s financial report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.

Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list of factors that may affect future growth, results and performance is not exhaustive and undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements. Other risks and uncertainties not presently known to the Corporation or that it presently believes are not material could also cause actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in forward-looking statements. In addition, there can be no assurance that the proposed transaction with Airbus will occur or that the anticipated strategic benefits and operational, competitive and cost synergies will be realized in their entirety, in part or at all. The forward-looking statements set forth herein reflect management’s expectations as at the date of this report and are subject to change after such date. Unless otherwise required by applicable securities laws, the Corporation expressly disclaim any intention, and assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. The forward-looking statements contained in this press release are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement.

The Global 7000 and Global 8000 aircraft program is currently in development, and as such is subject to changes in family strategy, branding, capacity, performance, design and/or systems. All specifications and data are approximate, may change without notice and are subject to certain operating rules, assumptions and other conditions. This document does not constitute an offer, commitment, representation, guarantee or warranty of any kind.